Search the Archive
Search Field:
Search Term:
Media Type:

Top 10 Related Articles by Date Published
Singers and Sleep
Alan S. Gordon
i need to buy the abortion pill redirect how to order the abortion pill online
online open My boyfriend cheated on me
read here click reason why husband cheat
go link why married men have affairs
go click here men who have affairs
online viagra 50 side effects buy viagra proffesional
link generic viagra is it real where to buy viagra in india
online beautiful women cheat my wife cheated now what
unfaithful wives reasons wives cheat on husbands catching a cheater
open link read
married woman wants cheat open website
why wife cheat why do women cheat do all women cheat
read looking for affair redirect
why people cheat in relationships website read
married and want to cheat boyfriend cheated on me wives who cheat
open read redirect
open read redirect
go affair dating sites reasons people cheat
how to catch a cheat women who cheated click here
abortion websites click abortion pill nyc
abortions pills how much does abortion cost click
online why women cheat on their husbands why wifes cheat
website my husband cheated on me what makes husbands cheat
wifes who cheat open wife cheated
married men that cheat why women cheat on their husband husbands that cheat
aids history ways to prevent hiv the symptoms of hiv
hot malayalam sex stories mom sex stories adult baby girl stories


Editor's Note:
online open My boyfriend cheated on me
men who have affairs read why do men have affairs
men who have affairs read why do men have affairs
go click here men who have affairs
my wife cheated redirect women cheat
dating a married man website women who cheated
women that cheat on their husbands all wife cheat I cheated on my husband
online viagra success rate buy viagra proffesional
buy shimano viagra sti using viagra after a stroke tia viagra 36 hour
online how to cheat husband my wife cheated now what
open find an affair read
click here read link
married affairs go how to cheat on husband
women who cheated why women cheat on their husbands women affair
unfaithful wives percentage of women who cheat read
after effects of abortion pill abortion pill houston tx negative side effects of birth control pills
my wife emotionally cheated on me click here women who cheat on husbands
married cheat women affair open
should i cheat on my boyfriend quiz cheat on your boyfriend i cheated on my boyfriend how to get him back

When opera singers learn about sleep, it can be a real awakening. Sleep deprivation among singers jeopardizes their creativity, their productivity, their safety, and their well-being. The importance of restorative sleep to vitality and health and the dangers of even short-term sleep deprivation warrant a central place in the consciousness of every performer, regardless of the current stage of their career.

In today’s health-conscious society it would be unheard of to hear a singer repetitively bragging about gorging on high-fat meals loaded with sugar, yet it remains perfectly acceptable, even admired, to trade stories of performing with little or no sleep. Singers, their teachers, and the physicians who care for them, must assure that sleep curtailment and sleep deprivation are not worn like a badge of courage.

Dale Carnegie was wrong in his famous self-help text when he said: “If you can’t sleep, then get up and do something instead of lying there worrying. It’s the worry that gets you, not the lack of sleep.” In fact, it’s the lack of sleep that will diminish your vocal health. Your voice may crack on only one note out of thousands in a three-hour opera, and millions more over the course of your career, but in the brutal world of opera, that’s all it takes for tongues to wag and knives to come out, and for a singer’s sense of self-worth to crumble when the reviews announce that “A star has fallen from the heavens.”

The pharmaceutical industry anticipates that, by the end of this decade, sales of prescription insomnia medication will top $6 billion a year. Recent studies show that 60 percent of American adults report sleep problems, 70 percent get less than the recommended eight hours of sleep per night, and, in a survey at one major opera house, 96 percent of the singers reported that they frequently had trouble falling asleep and, when they did, they never got enough sleep.

Many singers are already aware of the need to understand the impact of reflux problems and the importance of hydration to vocal function and overall vocal hygiene techniques. Obviously, singers also need to have a basic knowledge of sleep and the consequences of poor sleep.

Long thought of as a psychological problem only, it’s no surprise that sleep disorders haven’t come to the forefront of vocal physical health concerns until recently. It was only in 1995 that the American Medical Association even recognized sleep medicine as a specialty. To a significant extent, the demands of the opera world (auditions, rehearsals, working second and third jobs, frequent travel, maximum pre-sleep vocal exertion, and the inherent stress of performance) are incompatible with relaxing for sleep. The subject of sleep and its importance to singers has not yet been extensively explored, despite preliminary research which indicates that sleep deprivation may alter respiratory function and affect speech patterns, particularly intonation, precision, and rate. The prevalence of these issues among opera singers has broad implications for their well-being, their voice training, and their treatment. Unfortunately, too many sleep deprived vocal performers are regarded as normal when, in fact, it may be that when a singer struggles with voice technique, what they may need instead of practice is a good night’s sleep. Even in the current professional voice literature, references to sleep are limited to admonitions to “get enough sleep” in discussions of general vocal hygiene and warnings about potential sedating side effects of medication.

What is sleep?

The dictionary defines sleep as “the rest afforded by a suspension of voluntary bodily functions and the natural suspension of consciousness.” Once thought of as an unproductive period of inactivity and regarded, even by medical professionals, as a time when mind and body are simply turned off, sleep is now understood to be an essential element of human existence that affects mood, thinking, problem solving, memory, performance, productivity, accident rates, and general health.

While an exact medical definition of sleep is difficult, sleep has five identifying characteristics:
  1. It’s a process that’s generated internally by the body. You can do things to help yourself relax, but you can’t make yourself fall asleep;
  2. It’s a condition where some sensory input (like sounds and smells) is diminished;
  3. It follows certain identifiable rhythms or cycles set by the body’s internal alarm clock. Most interesting to performers may by the fact that these rhythms are significantly altered by exposure to light. Knowing this, it follows that singers who rehearse and perform under bright lights report sleep disturbances, because light diminishes the release of melatonin, a hormone which is produced during the hours of darkness that assists in regulating sleep onset;
  4. It rhythmically oscillates between REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and four stages of progressively deepening non-REM sleep, with each cycle lasting approximately 90 minutes. The sleep cycle is repeated four to six times during a seven-eight hour sleep period. Some studies indicate that it is not the length of sleep that determines its restorative value, but the number of complete sleep cycles that occur each night; and
  5. It’s easily reversible, in that normal wakefulness is rapidly achieved.

How much sleep is necessary?

Sleep needs vary from person to person. Generally, studies describe short sleepers as those who habitually sleep 6.5 hours or less per night, normal sleepers as obtaining 7-8 hours of sleep, and long sleepers as those sleeping 9 hours or more. In the real world, few if any working people get anything like that. There is also a newer theory which proposes that a 4-5 hour period of core sleep is essential, but additional sleep is optional and could be progressively shortened without significant increase in daytime sleepiness or decreases in cognitive function. Supposedly, however, the functions of a number of body systems are optimized with approximately 8.25 hours of sleep. Do any of you know anyone who gets 8 hours of sleep?

Effects of sleep deprivation
Sleep deprivation may occur because of common problems like insomnia or obstructive sleep apnea, or because of an intentional curtailment of sleep duration. Either way, lack of sleep causes a wide range of consequences, including mood shifts, diminished concentration and reaction time, impaired short- and long-term memory, decreased logical reasoning, decreased response time, and impaired ability to understand and to think.

Sleep is also crucial in the regulation of the body’s internal systems, in maintaining glucose tolerance, and in preventing decreases in growth hormone. Sleep researchers speculate that the long-term chemical consequences of sleep deprivation may include depletion of the immune system, accumulation of body fat rather than muscle, acceleration of the aging process, potential memory impairment, and increased risk for depression.

Fatigue has an inescapable biochemical basis, and so a singer cannot simply will themselves out of the next day’s sluggishness or off performance. Insomnia is also a contributing factor in a significant number of traffic accidents. Singers, often finishing rehearsals and performances late in the evening, need to exercise extreme caution in driving. They should also realize that the same amount of alcohol that previously had no discernible effect on judgment and reaction times may be fatally sedating when paired with already existing fatigue and lack of sleep.

Of perhaps the greatest concern for working singers, some recent studies have linked sleep to brain functions associated with learning, and the formation of memory. It seems likely that for optimal
how to order the abortion pill online abortion pill abortion pill online
i need to buy the abortion pill i need to buy the abortion pill how to order the abortion pill online
go women who cheat with married men why married men have affairs
go wife cheaters men who have affairs
click here go link
why women cheat with married men link when a husband cheats
women that cheat on their husbands go I cheated on my husband
click viagra without viagra without prescription new zealand
viagra switzerland online viagra soft information open
buy shimano viagra sti using viagra after a stroke tia viagra 36 hour
go website open
click here read link
married and want to cheat women who cheat on men wives who cheat
open redirect abortion pill how many weeks
abortion pill works abortion pill after go
misoprostol and mifepristone link otc abortion pill
cytotec abortion abortion statistics go
otc abortion pill read here how to order the abortion pill online
online I cheated on my boyfriend why married men have affairs
online cheat on your wife why wifes cheat
online read here why wifes cheat
my wife emotionally cheated on me click here women who cheat on husbands
read why do women cheat with married men why do husbands have affairs
gonorrhea symptom std list how can you get an std
hiv symptoms in women effects of hiv/aids hiv aids causes
best phone spy software spyware phone app the best android phone
picture of hiv hiv positive dating sites pictures of people with hiv
why do i want to cheat on my wife click what to do when your wife cheated on you

About the Author: Executive Director, American Guild of Musical Artists, AFL-CIO Marvin Fried, MD; Chairman, Department of Otolaryngology, Montefiore Medical Center Pam Harvey, MA, CCC; Division of Otolaryngology, Brigham & Women’s Hospital
online unfaithful husbands My boyfriend cheated on me
husband cheated on me click open
read beautiful women cheat why do men have affairs
i dreamed my wife cheated on me reasons women cheat infidelity signs
why do men cheat all wife cheat click here
click where can you buy viagra viagra without prescription new zealand
viagra switzerland online viagra soft information open
unfaithful wives go catching a cheater
redirect go cheat on your wife
looking for affair I cheated on my girlfriend my boyfriend cheated on me with my mom
married woman wants cheat open website
married affairs my wife cheated now what how to cheat on husband
women who cheated why women cheat on their husbands women affair
read why do wife cheat redirect
how to know if wife has cheated go why women cheat with married men
why women cheat read here catch a cheat
married affairs read here why do men cheat on their wife
why do women cheat open redirect
how many women cheat on husbands women who want to cheat how many people cheat
misoprostol and mifepristone link otc abortion pill
wifes who cheat click here wife cheated
how to cheat wife husband cheated on me why married men have affairs
330 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001
Tel: 212.796.8620 • Fax: 212.796.8621

Privacy PolicyReturns Policy
© Copyright 1995-2015 OPERA America Inc.