Search the Archive
Search Field:
Search Term:
Media Type:

Top 10 Related Articles by Date Published
Singer Training and Repertoire Assignment
Brittney Redler
online open My boyfriend cheated on me
go link why married men have affairs
go link why married men have affairs
link buy cheap uk viagra vegetable viagra
buy shimano viagra sti buy viagra free shipping viagra 36 hour
what makes married men cheat married men that cheat i want an affair
read here women who cheat on men click here
click here read link
married woman wants cheat why do women cheat with married men website
women who cheated read here women affair
unfaithful wives women who cheat with married men My husband cheated on me
go website reasons people cheat
how to catch a cheat women who cheated click here
abortion pill works abortion pill after go
cytotec abortion abortion statistics go
open how much are the abortion pills non surgical abortion
online cheat on your wife why wifes cheat
click here women love to cheat open
can abortion cause infertility third trimester abortions aspiration abortion cost
best phone spy software spyware phone app the best android phone
why do guys cheat married men who have affairs
walgreens online coupon codes walgreens in store photo coupons new prescription coupons
sms spyware for android free sms spy app how to spy text messages
deltasone pill clomid 50mg
viagra discounts coupons viagra savings and coupons
prescription savings cards new prescription coupons viagra trial coupon
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lilly cialis coupons site coupon
how much are abortions free discount coupons
discount card prescription discount prescriptions coupons transfer prescription coupon
why abortion abortion cost what is an abortion coupon prescription coupons
where to get an abortion abortion clinic in atlanta
drug discount coupons discount prescription coupons
houston abortion clinics link unwanted pregnancy

Original Content5/14/2012

Editor's Note:
i need to buy the abortion pill i need to buy the abortion pill how to order the abortion pill online
read here click reason why husband cheat
men who have affairs what causes women to cheat why do men have affairs
husband cheated on me go open
husband cheated on me go open
why women cheat with married men how many people cheat when a husband cheats
why do men cheat unfaithful wives click here
website read link
buy shimano viagra sti buy viagra online online href viagra 36 hour
online beautiful women cheat my wife cheated now what
online beautiful women cheat my wife cheated now what
what makes married men cheat married men that cheat i want an affair
why wife cheat why do women cheat do all women cheat
cheats married men dating my boyfriend cheated on me quotes
married affairs click why do men cheat on their wife
i cheated on my husband wifes who cheat why does husbands cheat
cytotec abortion how do i get abortion pill go
online read here why wifes cheat
online cheat on your wife why wifes cheat
wifes who cheat open wife cheated
click here women love to cheat open
how to cheat wife husband cheated on me why married men have affairs
gonorrhea symptom how can you get an std how can you get an std
has my husband cheated i cheated on my husband now what my husband thinks i cheated
reasons why women cheat on their husbands why women cheat on husbands my husband almost cheated on me
xifaxan cialis 40mg prednisolone 10mg
thyroxine bottle priligy pill levofloxacin 750mg
prescription savings cards viagra trial coupon
discount coupon for viagra viagra coupon codes
coupon prescription prescription coupon card discount prescription drug cards
can i take xarelto with ibuprofen read can i take xarelto with ibuprofen
pill for abortion open how to get a abortion
cialis coupons printable prescription savings card cialis coupons and discounts
discount card prescription link transfer prescription coupon
abortion clinics in indianapolis link free discount coupon
lilly coupons for cialis cialis coupon 2015 free cialis samples coupon
linzess patient assistance site bystolic add on copay card
coupons for bystolic does bystolic have a generic coupon for bystolic
houston abortion clinics read unwanted pregnancy

In medical school, students take classes for the first two years then do rotations, during which they get to experience different specializations. This introduction to a wide variety of medical divisions is what helps students clarify where their individual talents lie. A young medical student would rarely choose their specialty in those first years to then remain in that field for his or her entire career. This is because they may have certain preferences and or talents that they simply haven't explored yet in their youth. Medicine is a huge field, so one has to explore and "date around" so to speak in order to discover the best match.

Music is similarly an overwhelmingly large subject. Even after choosing vocal performance as a major -- or even more specifically "classical" or "musical theater," a young student is facing an extremely broad range of possibilities. While training, it should be expected — just as it is for medical students — that singers explore a wide variety of music in order to develop a correspondingly varied repertoire and skill set. Learning an abundance of repertoire can introduce and develop technical skills involved in vocal production, but also certainly can build general musicianship, language and diction proficiency, and dramatic preparation and insight. The student therefore becomes familiar with many genres, styles, time periods and composers, which can only make a student a more informed performer. Perhaps a previously unknown niche in this new repertoire assortment is waiting to be discovered.

A bored singer is an uninspired singer and therefore an unproductive student, so of course by assigning an abundance of repertoire the student always has a choice of what to work on and can select based on what they are interested in singing. However, knowing that the voice is an instrument given one-per-person, a bit of conservatism in the assignments is called for in order for longevity of career. It is the teacher's job to assign this repertoire thoughtfully and appropriately so that it all suits the young singer's developing vocal habits. If all of the assigned literature is assisting the technical foundation of a singer, then allowing for a variety only enhances the overall experience of learning.

There are certain aspects of a song that can be matched to singers in order to support functional habits and musical growth. Considering the age, gender and emotional maturity of the student, songs should be assigned which can be dramatically and contextually grasped. There is definitely something to be said for choosing a piece that can potentially stretch the student dramatically, but one must build a foundation of basic skills and comprehension on available literature before growth. Clearly the voice type, timbre and current technical facility should be considered when looking at a song's range and tessitura; tempo (specifically how sustained the vocal lines are); melodic shape (descending, ascending or static phrases); phrase lengths; dynamic range; harmonic, rhythmic and melodic complexity; as well as the size and texture of the piece and any support given from the accompaniment. In addition, the singer's language and diction skills should be kept in mind when assigning a piece; this is also a category with great potential for growth, but as stated earlier, fundamental skills must first be built.i

Tempting as it may be, a teacher should remember not to assign repertoire to a student simply because he or she (the teacher) has performed it. This is dangerous when one realizes the student may not have the same capabilities that the teacher did, may have different vocal habits of dysfunction that a certain piece might encourage and certainly the student may not have the same preferences. John Nix, renowned pedagogue and vocologist, states clearly the role of repertoire and its potential pitfalls if inappropriately assigned:

"No matter how talented and knowledgeable we are in assisting a student to establish a technical foundation through vocalises, we can retard our students' development or even tear down the technique we helped our students acquire by assigning inappropriate literature. It is our task as teachers to carefully choose repertoire that insures success and progress while challenging (but not defeating) the student."ii

Barbara Clements agrees, saying:

"By assigning inappropriate repertoire to a student who is not ready vocally, musically or emotionally for a particular piece, one creates a potential risk of harm not only to the student's instrument, but also to his ego. A teacher should choose songs that will provide initial success for the student, but should not be afraid eventually to challenge a student's skills in order to promote growth."iii

There are definite technical disadvantages to assigning a singer too much repertoire, but how does one know when the level of too much has been reached? It would make life much easier if there were a specific number of songs and arias for all students that would guarantee motivation without inviting an unhealthy amount of stress. Unfortunately, not all singers are created equal and neither are all pieces of music. Each singer has a threshold that the teacher must identify and closely monitor. This threshold depends upon the current technical facility of the student, i.e. the level of vocal stability or instability in the voice; the temperament and intellect of the student; his or her age and length of study; expressivity, or given ability to emotionally connect with the content; language and diction skills; and musicianship skills, or the level of his or her ability to navigate complex music. This is a challenging threshold to assess and will vary from student to student; the number also depends on the length and difficulty of each piece assigned. One unfortunate effect however is that once too much repertoire is assigned, technical foundation and artistry degrade.

It has been studied that while sight-reading and in the beginning stages of learning a new song, many singers spend most of that time below REL (Resting Expiratory Level).iv Although there are many different teaching methodologies, I think they all agree that there is nothing "resting" about the breath energy required for singing, much less below resting level. Therefore, when a singer is overwhelmed with new repertoire and attempts to learn it all quickly, a majority of his or her practice time is spent singing on this insufficient lung capacity. Moving from piece to piece in this manner, vocal fatigue will set in fairly quickly due to prolonged exposure to pressed phonation and a lack of air flow: the singer is setting in habits of excess pressure that can be difficult to reverse and potentially damaging. Furthermore, if the singer is doing everything possible merely to learn the notes, rhythms and words quickly, it is unlikely that he or she will truly be able to take musical or artistic direction and process it in order to contribute expressively. If, however, the repertoire load were more manageable, the singer could spend less time learning new music and balance his or her time with older pieces on established, efficient technique thus infusing the new music with healthy habits. Through this solid foundation of technique, the student would be able to achieve musical and dramatic expression on any new repertoire.

A challenge to the traditional four-year educational setting is an inherently short-term view. One does not consider his or her training as a singer complete after receiving a diploma. The need for a long-term view has been discussed among vocal pedagogues for centuries, notably including Francesco Lamperti who believed there had been a decline in the art of singing because singers were performing onstage before being thoroughly prepared.v Upperclassmen and certainly graduates from a university may comparatively seem more vocally mature and ready to handle increasingly challenging and demanding repertoire. Since many singers are inherently driven to succeed and shine, these students naturally strive to sing the most interesting, mature repertoire they can at any given time. There is also pressure to be ready for the professional world by the time graduation comes around. Students scramble to keep building progressively more impressive repertoire and audition lists, and due to their comparative stability, teachers often entertain or encourage these aspirations. However, these singers are still relatively young and are just beginning their careers. Although a young voice may be resilient, it is always heartbreaking to hear of singers hitting the proverbial wall or worse developing pathologies on the vocal folds within the first 10 years of their career.

As we send the next generation of professional singers out into the world from training programs, I hope that we do so thoughtfully and with a long-term vision for their careers. Singers are high-functioning models of voice use and as such should have lifetime careers filled with appropriate, diverse repertoire that consistently both showcases their unique voices and furthers their professional growth. Too many singers know the feeling of taking a step backwards due to inappropriate repertoire, whether it is the selection or the volume, but this is avoidable when the training program instills a conservative awareness in the singer.

Doscher, Barbara, and John Nix. From Studio to Stage: Repertoire for the Voice. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2002. Print.
Coffin, Berton. Historical Vocal Pedagogy Classics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, 1989. Print.

iDoscher, Barbara, From Studio to Stage: Repertoire for the Voice, ed. John Nix, Scarecrow Press, 2002, Lanham MD
iiNix, John, Canadian Voice Care Foundation, Voice Talk, Volume 8, Issue 1, Spring 2004, "How Vocology Makes Better Voice Teachers"
iiiClements, Barbara, "A Practical Guide for First-Year Graduate Teaching Assistants in Voice", Dissertation from Florida State University, 2005, p.25-30
ivWatson, P.J. and Hixon, T J. "Respiratory behavior during the learning of a novel aria by a highly trained classical singer" in Vocal Fold Physiology, Controlling Complexity and Chaos, Ch. 22, (Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, 1996).
vCoffin, Berton, Historical Vocal Pedagogy Classics, Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, 1989
read here click reason why husband cheat
why women cheat with married men I cheated on my wife when a husband cheats
my wife cheated beautiful women cheat women cheat
click viagra without viagra without prescription new zealand
online generic viagra in canada buy viagra proffesional
what makes married men cheat married men that cheat i want an affair
click here open link
married woman wants cheat why do women cheat with married men website
redirect why wife cheat dating for married
redirect catch a cheat reasons why women cheat
women who cheated why women cheat on their husbands women affair
how to know if wife has cheated women affairs why women cheat with married men
unfaithful wives percentage of women who cheat read
married affairs click why do men cheat on their wife
why do women cheat how to cheat on wife redirect
looking to cheat read here cheaters caught
open link non surgical abortion
link women want men why do men cheat
my wife emotionally cheated on me women cheat because women who cheat on husbands
wifes who cheat click here wife cheated
hiv symptoms in women signs of aids in men hiv aids causes
walgreen coupon code photo go walgreens photo promo codes
thyroxine bottle levofloxacin 750mg
internet drug coupons click viagra coupon
viagra discounts coupons open viagra savings and coupons
viagra trial coupon drug coupon card
discount coupon for viagra open viagra coupon codes
facts against abortion story about abortion
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs prescription coupons new prescription coupon
how much are abortions having an abortion free discount coupons
prescription savings card site coupon for cialis
prescription transfer coupon go coupon for free cialis
abortion pro choice click information on abortion
cialis 2015 coupon lilly coupons for cialis
abortion info how much is an abortion in ny aspiration abortion
coupon cialis click free coupon for cialis
pill for abortion abortion pill houston discount coupons
drug discount coupons manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs discount prescription coupons
abortion clinics in los angeles abortion options side effects of abortion pill

About the Author:
husband cheated on me click open
go why people cheat in relationships men who have affairs
why do husbands have affairs online redirect
my wife cheated beautiful women cheat women cheat
viagra switzerland online buy viagra uk online open
buy shimano viagra sti using viagra after a stroke tia viagra 36 hour
go open open
how often can viagra be used viagra 50mg online how can i enhance viagra
online beautiful women cheat my wife cheated now what
redirect why do women cheat on husbands cheat on your wife
looking for affair women cheat because my boyfriend cheated on me with my mom
women who cheat with married men i cheated on husband why husband cheat on their wife
open why some women cheat redirect
why women cheat husband cheated on me catch a cheat
abortion pill pittsburgh what is the abortion pill what s the abortion pill
misoprostol and mifepristone when can you use the abortion pill otc abortion pill
cytotec abortion pill for nausea go
abortions pills how much does abortion cost click
wifes who cheat open wife cheated
android app to spy free apps android spy app for phone
free std tests test for chlamydia oral chlamydia symptoms
why do i want to cheat on my wife what to do when your wife cheated on you
reasons why women cheat on their husbands my husband almost cheated on me
dating a married man men and women percentage of women who cheat
women who like to cheat women love to cheat
sex crime stories indian sex stories
walgreens online coupon code go coupon code for walgreens photo
cipro 750mg site diprolene tube
coupons for drugs click coupon
online viagra coupons prescription drugs discount cards
cialis coupon codes prescriptions coupons
pro abortion how much abortion cost
prescription transfer coupon go coupon for free cialis
abortion pro choice information on abortion
why should abortion be illegal read home abortion methods
cialis sample coupon link 2015 cialis coupon
abortion clinics in indianapolis click free discount coupon
coupons for prescription medications open prescription savings cards
To have your company’s photos included in the header rotation, send photos that are at least 1200px wide and 550px tall to Please note that submission of photos does not guarantee inclusion.
All OPERA America facilities are handicapped accessible. The National Opera Center features ground-level entry with elevators to the venue. All spaces are wheelchair accessible, and modular seating can be arranged to accommodate wheelchair users for all programs and performances. Handicapped accessible restrooms are available on all floors.
330 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001
Tel: 212.796.8620 • Fax: 212.796.8621

Privacy PolicyReturns Policy
2014 Form 990FY15 Audited Financial Statement
© Copyright 1995-2016 OPERA America Inc.

Technical issue with the website? Let us know.