The Consul
Composer: Gian Carlo Menotti
Composer Bio: Gian Carlo Menotti was born on 7 July 1911, in Cadegliano, Italy. At the age of 7, under the guidance of his mother, he began to compose songs, and four years later he wrote the words and music of his first opera, The Death of Pierrot. In 1923 he began his formal musical training at the Verdi Conservatory in Milan. Following the death of his father, his mother took him to the United States, where he was enrolled at Philadelphia's Curtis Institute of Music. There he completed his musical studies, working in composition under Rosario Scalero.

His first mature work, the one-act opera buffa, Amelia Goes to the Ball, was premiered in 1937, a success that led to a commission from the National Broadcasting Company to write an opera especially for radio, The Old Maid and the Thief, the first such commission ever given. His first ballet, Sebastian, followed in 1944, and for this he wrote the scenario as well as the score. After the premiere of his Piano Concerto in 1945, Menotti returned to opera with The Medium, shortly joined by The Telephone, both enjoying international success.

The Consul, Menotti's first full-length work, won the Pulitzer Prize and the New York Drama Critics Circle award as the best musical play of the year in 1954. By far Menotti's best-known work is the Christmas classic Amahl and the Night Visitors, composed for NBC-TV in 1951. This beloved opera celebrated the 50th anniversary of its premiere in 2001, and continues to receive hundreds of performances annually.

Menotti writes the text to all his operas, the original language being English in every case, with the exception of Amelia Goes to the Ball, The Island God, and The Last Savage, which were first set to Italian words. Recent operas include The Singing Child (1993) and Goya (1986), written for Plácido Domingo and given its premiere by The Washington Opera. In the summer of 2004 Domingo reprised the role at Vienna's Theater an der Wien. Menotti's most recent vocal works are Jacob's Prayer (1997), a commission from the American Choral Directors Association, Gloria, written as part of a composite Mass celebrating the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize, For the Death of Orpheus, with a premiere by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra led by Robert Shaw in November 1990, and Llama de Amor Viva, premiered in April 1991. A trio for the Verdehr Trio received its world premiere at the Spoleto Festival on Menotti's 85th birthday in July 1996.

In addition to the numerous operatic works, Menotti has enriched the artistic world with ballets, including Errand into the Maze (in the 2005 repertory of the Martha Graham Dance Company), and The Unicorn, the Gorgon, and the Manticore; Pastorale for Piano and Strings (1934); Poemetti, a suite of piano pieces for children (1937); The Hero (1952), a song on a text by Robert Horan; and Canti della Lontananza, a cycle of seven songs (1967). He also wrote the libretti to Samuel Barber's operas Vanessa and A Hand of Bridge.

1958 saw the opening of Menotti's own festival, the Festival of Two Worlds, in Spoleto, Italy. Devoted to the cultural collaboration of Europe and America in a program embracing all the arts, the Spoleto Festival has gone on to be one of the most popular festivals in Europe. The festival literally became "of two worlds" in 1977 with the founding of Spoleto USA in Charleston, South Carolina, which he led until 1993 when he became Director of the Rome Opera. Well into his 90s he continued to direct opera at Spoleto and elsewhere. His 1996 Spoleto production of Amahl was filmed for commercial release. During the 2005-06 season The Consul will be produced at Teatro Regio in Italy; performances in the 2004-05 season included productions at the Arizona Opera and in Zurich, Switzerland.

In 1984 Menotti was awarded the Kennedy Center Honor for lifetime achievement in the arts. He was chosen the 1991 "Musician of the Year" by Musical America, inaugurating worldwide tributes to the composer in honor of his 80th birthday. His music has been published by G. Schirmer since 1946.
Librettist: Gian Carlo Menotti
Other Artistic Personnel: Gian Carlo Menotti (stage director)
Lehman Engel (conductor)
John Butler (choreographer)
Original Cast: Patricia Neway (Magda)
Marie Powers (Mother)
Cornell MacNeil (John Sorel)
Gloria Lane (Secretary)
Leon Lishner (Secret Police Agent)
Chester Watson (First Plainclothesman)
Donald Blackey (Second Plainclothesman)
Andrew McKinley (Magician)
George Jongeyans (Mr. Kofner)
Lydia Summers (Vera Boronel)
Maria Marlo (Foreign Woman)
Francis Monachino (Assan)
Mabel Mercer (Voice on the Record)
Work Web Site: http://www.schirmer.com/default.aspx?TabId=2420&State_2874=2&workId_2874=30696
Premiere Date: March 01, 1950
Description: Set in Europe, John has fled his country, which is under a dictatorship, to save his life and wants his wife, Magda, his baby and his mother to join him. Magda is frustrated by the red tape at the consul’s office and her inability to see him. When John returns home, he discovers that Magda is dead and he is arrested by the secret police.
Character List (Major): John Sorel (Baritone)
Magda Sorel (Soprano)
The Mother (Contralto)
Secret Police Agent (Bass)
First Plainclothesman (Silent)
Second Plainclothesman (Silent)
The Secretary (Mezzo-Soprano)
Mr. Kofner (Bass-Baritone)
The Foreign Woman (Soprano)
Anna Gomez (Soprano)
Vera Boronel (Contralto)
The Magician (Tenor)
Assan (Baritone)
Voice on the Record (Soprano)
Comments: Winner of 1950 Pulitzer Prize for music.
Length: 02:00
Total Acts: 3
Orchestration: fl (pic), ob (ca), cl, bsn - 2 hrn, 2 tpt, tbn - timp, perc - hp, pf - str
Contact: G. Schirmer, Inc.
Address: 257 Park Avenue South, 20th Floor
New York, NY 10010
E-mail Address: pm@schirmer.com
Phone: 212-254-2100
Composer Web Site: http://www.schirmer.com/default.aspx?TabId=2419&State_2872=2&composerId_2872=1039
Publisher Web Site: http://www.schirmer.com/default.aspx?TabId=2420&State_2874=2&workId_2874=30696
Schedule of Performances Listings
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, May 9, 2015 - Florida Grand Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Friday, April 25, 2014 - Opera Santa Barbara
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, July 16, 2011 - Opera New Jersey
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, March 5, 2011 - Opéra de Montréal
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, July 25, 2009 - Glimmerglass Festival
The Consul (Menotti)
Friday, July 24, 2009 - Chautauqua Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Friday, April 15, 2005 - Arizona Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, March 5, 2005 - North Bay Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, December 7, 2002 - Curtis Institute of Music Opera Theatre
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, March 30, 2002 - Portland Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, July 1, 2000 - Des Moines Metro Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Thursday, March 30, 2000 - University of North Carolina at Greensboro
The Consul (Menotti)
Monday, May 3, 1999 - Opéra de Montréal
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, February 8, 1997 - Manitoba Opera
The Consul (Menotti)
Saturday, October 19, 1996 - Lyric Opera of Chicago
The Consul (Menotti)
Wednesday, April 26, 1995 - Opéra de Montréal
The Consul (Menotti)
Tuesday, April 19, 1994 - University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music
The Consul (Menotti)
Friday, October 8, 1993 - Florentine Opera Company
The Consul (Menotti)
- Opéra de Montréal
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