Victor Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26, 1924) was an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist, and conductor. He is best known for his many operettas which premiered on Broadway between the 1890s and World War I. He was a founding member of ASCAP, an activist for the legal rights of composers, and influenced the development of the Copyright Act of 1909. Herbert began his career in Vienna, Austria and Stuttgart, Germany where he performed as a cellist. He and his opera singer wife moved to the United States in 1886 when both worked with the Metropolitan Opera. They eventually became citizens and remained in the US for the rest of their lives.