Simón Bolivar
Composer: Thea Musgrave
Librettist: Thea Musgrave
Other Artistic Personnel: Peter Mark, Conductor; Lillian Groag, Director
Original Cast: Original Cast: Simón Bolívar, Stephen Guggenheim; Manuela Sáenz de Thorne, Amy Johnson; General Sucre, Michael Lynn Galanter; General Santander, Douglas Nagle; General Páez, Russell Cusick; Rodríguez and El Serrano, Richard Lewis; O'Leary, Bill Sinclair; Hipolita, Patricia Saunders Nixon; Pepe, Frank Ward; Officer, the Aide, and the Conspirator, David Pratt; Pedro, Tobin Jones; Pablo, Randall Gregoire; Young Bolívar, Sean Petersen
Premiere Date: January 20, 1995
Producing Company: Virginia Opera
Description: The first act moves through a series of short, connected scenes which culminate in the liberation of South America from Spanish rule. In the second act, the dream of Bolívar begins to disintegrate, as his idealistic union of states fails to hold together; Bolívar is seen as an exile, dying in poverty, seemingly forgotten. A coda telescopes the action into the twentieth century, where a revolution scene is taking place. The voice of Bolívar is heard, singing Bolívar's own words, invoking the ideal of freedom and the heavy demands it places on those who seek it.
Reviews: Opera, Carl Dolmetsch, 4-95; The New York Times, Edward Rothstein, 1-27-95; Musical Times, Anthony Burton, 7-94; Richard Drakeford, The Musical Times, 1-8-95; Rodney Milnes, The Times, 1-1-95
Length: 02:20
Total Acts: 2
Orchestration: 2 fl, 2 2 ob, 2 cl, 2 bsn - 4 hrn, 3 tpt, 3 tbn, 1 tba - timp, 2 perc - pf, hp - str
Musical Style: Use of Spanish song and dances and traditional South American melodies
Contact: Novello & Co Ltd.
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